The most prestigious of all gems and originally the domain of royalty, Diamond brings glamour, sophistication and class. It was said that happy girls are the prettiest and diamonds make a woman both pretty and happy-- a reason why it is tagged as the girl’s best friend.
It took thousands of years before the diamond was created. It involves a process that occurs deep beneath the earth’s surface known as the mantle, a layer between the earth’s crust and the heated core. Down there, intense pressure changes the molecular structure of carbon by crashing its atoms together. Under extreme heat and temperature, carbon becomes a precious stone.
Billions of years ago when the earth was way too different from what we know it today and long before dinosaurs roamed the planet, diamonds have survived the forces of nature to reach us through the eruption of volcanoes. They have been used throughout the ages as bearers of mystic powers and incredible beauty, a heritage they have easily passed on to contemporary jewelry. Through the centuries they have revered and admired by many civilizations. Diamonds are believed to have been first discovered in India, approximately 3000 years ago and Alexander the Great, King of the ancient Greek state Macedon, brings the first diamonds from India to Europe. Today, members of royalties and elite society wear diamond jewelry in events and gathering to display beauty and power--- the same reason that had never changed for thousands of years.
Some of the extremely expensive diamonds are Briolette Diamond Necklace that weighs more than 75.36 karats, is yet another dazzling marquise diamond of a purple-pink shade, attached to it. This diamond has been sold for $11.1 million. Next on the list is the L’Incomparable Diamond-Necklace that was sold for $55 million with 91 diamonds of various cuts. Also, at $15.7 million, the Bulgari Two-Stone Diamond-Ring is yet among some of the most expensive jewelry. It comes with a true report from the Gemological-Institute of America that verifies the color, clarity, and flawlessness of the two diamonds to the best.
The Dazzling diamonds have been for centuries associated with the rich and the famous and from chandelier earrings to imperial crowns, diamonds have been hallmarks of every piece of jewelry. The reasons may be a family tradition or just a personal preference. These include the British Royal-Family who incorporated diamonds into its opulent symbols of royal rule, that included sceptres, crowns, bracelets, orbs, rings and tiaras as well as the Tsar Nicholas II of Russia who has a collection now on display at the Kremlin in Moscow. Open for display here include the diamond-encrusted Fabergé eggs, diamond-framed portraits, cascading necklaces and the briolette diamonds. It is also worth mentioning that Oprah Winfrey has $100 million worth diamond collection.
However, with the demand and the rarity of diamond jewelry, physicists and scientists managed to grow this precious stone inside the laboratory. This breakthrough challenged major producers of the diamond because synthetic diamond possesses all characteristics of a mined diamond while costing only a fraction of the genuine one. Only meticulous lab testing will reveal a diamond that was forged for millions of years. To resolve the issue, synthetic diamond producers are required to engrave their company name to their produce.
Over the centuries, kings and rulers were replaced, great dynasties were torn to the ground and technological advancement made us far more civilized but clamor for the timeless beauty of diamond had never changed. The struggles are still with us today, only this time, we strive for possession of its jewellery.